Employment-Based (EB) Green Card Overview

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Immigration through Employment 

One of the ways a foreign national (alien) can become a permanent resident is through a permanent employment opportunity in the United States. There are five employment-based preference categories.

  • First preference is for priority workers including persons of extraordinary ability, outstanding professors and researchers, and multinational organization executives and managers.
  • The Second preference is for physicians, members of the professions holding advanced degrees, and persons of exceptional ability.
  • The Third preference is for professionals, skilled and other workers, including nurses and physical therapists.
  • The Fourth preference provides for special immigrants including religious workers.
  • The Fifth preference is an investor-related category, which grants permanent residency to persons who invest significant funds in the US and create 10 jobs for US workers. 

Click on the links to the left to learn more about each preference category.


I am in the US on an H1B with an approved I140 and an I485 pending for more than 6 months (EB2). I just got laid off. If I get my green card during the 2-month H1B grace period, can I stay in the US? If I don't, what are my options? Thanks.

Josh, you may want to post this in one of our free community conference calls every other Thursday and then attend the call.

Note: Not intended to create attorney-client relationship.  Answers could be incomplete, incorrect or outdated.  Use caution.


I am peter, UK citizen on work visa. I had a bank loan of about 40,000 pounds in UK, which I didn't return.
I am working in US now and my company sponsoring green card for me.

My question is: During background and security check for green card, will this loan effect my GC? Does the GC background and security check process includes financial unpaid loans?

Please reply