Visa Bulletin - June 2012

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Number 45
Volume IX
Washington, D.C.

    A. STATUTORY NUMBERS

    1. This bulletin summarizes the availability of immigrant numbers during June. Consular officers are required to report to the Department of State documentarily qualified applicants for numerically limited visas; U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security reports applicants for adjustment of status. Allocations were made, to the extent possible, in chronological order of reported priority dates, for demand received by May 8th. If not all demand could be satisfied, the category or foreign state in which demand was excessive was deemed oversubscribed. The cut-off date for an oversubscribed category is the priority date of the first applicant who could not be reached within the numerical limits. Only applicants who have a priority date earlier than the cut-off date may be allotted a number. If it becomes necessary during the monthly allocation process to retrogress a cut-off date, supplemental requests for numbers will be honored only if the priority date falls within the new cut-off date announced in this bulletin.

    2. Section 201 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) sets an annual minimum family-sponsored preference limit of 226,000. The worldwide level for annual employment-based preference immigrants is at least 140,000. Section 202 prescribes that the per-country limit for preference immigrants is set at 7% of the total annual family-sponsored and employment-based preference limits, i.e., 25,620. The dependent area limit is set at 2%, or 7,320.

    3. INA Section 203(e) provides that family-sponsored and employment-based preference visas be issued to eligible immigrants in the order in which a petition in behalf of each has been filed. Section 203(d) provides that spouses and children of preference immigrants are entitled to the same status, and the same order of consideration, if accompanying or following to join the principal. The visa prorating provisions of Section 202(e) apply to allocations for a foreign state or dependent area when visa demand exceeds the per-country limit. These provisions apply at present to the following oversubscribed chargeability areas: CHINA-mainland born, INDIA, MEXICO, and PHILIPPINES.

    4. Section 203(a) of the INA prescribes preference classes for allotment of Family-sponsored immigrant visas as follows:

    FAMILY-SPONSORED PREFERENCES

    First: (F1) Unmarried Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens: 23,400 plus any numbers not required for fourth preference.

    Second: Spouses and Children, and Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Permanent

    Residents: 114,200, plus the number (if any) by which the worldwide family preference level exceeds 226,000, plus any unused first preference numbers:

    A. (F2A) Spouses and Children of Permanent Residents: 77% of the overall second preference limitation, of which 75% are exempt from the per-country limit;

    B. (F2B) Unmarried Sons and Daughters (21 years of age or older) of Permanent Residents: 23% of the overall second preference limitation.

    Third: (F3) Married Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens: 23,400, plus any numbers not required by first and second preferences.

    Fourth: (F4) Brothers and Sisters of Adult U.S. Citizens: 65,000, plus any numbers not required by first three preferences.

    On the chart below, the listing of a date for any class indicates that the class is oversubscribed (see paragraph 1); "C" means current, i.e., numbers are available for all qualified applicants; and "U" means unavailable, i.e., no numbers are available. (NOTE: Numbers are available only for applicants whose priority date is earlier than the cut-off date listed below.)

    Family-Sponsored
    All Charge-ability Areas Except Those Listed CHINA- mainland born INDIA MEXICO PHILIPPINES
    F1 22JUN05 22JUN05 22JUN05 15MAY93 01JUL97
    F2A 01JAN10 01JAN10 01JAN10 08DEC09 01JAN10
    F2B 15APR04 15APR04 15APR04 01JAN92 08DEC01
    F3 01APR02 01APR02 01APR02 15JAN93 22JUL92
    F4 08JAN01 15DEC00 08JAN01 01JUN96 22JAN89

    *NOTE: For June, F2A numbers EXEMPT from per-country limit are available to applicants from all countries with priority dates earlier than 08DEC09. F2A numbers SUBJECT to per-country limit are available to applicants chargeable to all countries EXCEPT MEXICO with priority dates beginning 08DEC09 and earlier than 01JAN10. (All F2A numbers provided for MEXICO are exempt from the per-country limit; there are no F2A numbers for MEXICO subject to per-country limit.)

    5. Section 203(b) of the INA prescribes preference classes for allotment of Employment-based immigrant visas as follows:

    EMPLOYMENT-BASED PREFERENCES

    First: Priority Workers: 28.6% of the worldwide employment-based preference level, plus any numbers not required for fourth and fifth preferences.

    Second: Members of the Professions Holding Advanced Degrees or Persons of Exceptional Ability: 28.6% of the worldwide employment-based preference level, plus any numbers not required by first preference.

    Third: Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Other Workers: 28.6% of the worldwide level, plus any numbers not required by first and second preferences, not more than 10,000 of which to "*Other Workers".

    Fourth: Certain Special Immigrants: 7.1% of the worldwide level.

    Fifth: Employment Creation: 7.1% of the worldwide level, not less than 3,000 of which reserved for investors in a targeted rural or high-unemployment area, and 3,000 set aside for investors in regional centers by Sec. 610 of Pub. L. 102-395.

    On the chart below, the listing of a date for any class indicates that the class is oversubscribed (see paragraph 1); "C" means current, i.e., numbers are available for all qualified applicants; and "U" means unavailable, i.e., no numbers are available. (NOTE: Numbers are available only for applicants whose priority date is earlier than the cut-off date listed below.)

    Employment- Based

    All Chargeability Areas Except Those Listed

    CHINA- mainland born INDIA MEXICO PHILIPPINES
    1st C C C C C
    2nd C U U C C
    3rd 08JUN06 08AUG05 15SEP02 08JUN06 22MAY06
    Other Workers 08JUN06 22APR03 15SEP02 08JUN06 22MAY06
    4th C C C C C
    Certain Religious Workers C C C C C

    5th
    Targeted
    Employment Areas/
    Regional Centers
    and Pilot Programs

    C C C C C

    *Employment Third Preference Other Workers Category: Section 203(e) of the Nicaraguan and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) passed by Congress in November 1997, as amended by Section 1(e) of Pub. L. 105-139, provides that once the Employment Third Preference Other Worker (EW) cut-off date has reached the priority date of the latest EW petition approved prior to November 19, 1997, the 10,000 EW numbers available for a fiscal year are to be reduced by up to 5,000 annually beginning in the following fiscal year. This reduction is to be made for as long as necessary to offset adjustments under the NACARA program. Since the EW cut-off date reached November 19, 1997 during Fiscal Year 2001, the reduction in the EW annual limit to 5,000 began in Fiscal Year 2002.

    6. The Department of State has a recorded message with visa availability information which can be heard at: (202) 663-1541. This recording is updated on or about the tenth of each month with information on cut-off dates for the following month.

    B. DIVERSITY IMMIGRANT (DV) CATEGORY

    Section 203(c) of the INA provides up to 55,000 immigrant visas each fiscal year to permit additional immigration opportunities for persons from countries with low admissions during the previous five years. The NACARA stipulates that beginning with DV-99, and for as long as necessary, up to 5,000 of the 55,000 annually-allocated diversity visas will be made available for use under the NACARA program. This resulted in reduction of the DV-2012 annual limit to 50,000. DV visas are divided among six geographic regions. No one country can receive more than seven percent of the available diversity visas in any one year.

    For June, immigrant numbers in the DV category are available to qualified DV-2012 applicants chargeable to all regions/eligible countries as follows. When an allocation cut-off number is shown, visas are available only for applicants with DV regional lottery rank numbers BELOW the specified allocation cut-off number:

    Region All DV Chargeability Areas Except Those Listed Separately
    AFRICA CURRENT  
    ASIA CURRENT  
    EUROPE CURRENT Except: Uzbekistan 17,050
    NORTH AMERICA (BAHAMAS) CURRENT  
    OCEANIA CURRENT  
    SOUTH AMERICA, and the CARIBBEAN CURRENT  

    Entitlement to immigrant status in the DV category lasts only through the end of the fiscal (visa) year for which the applicant is selected in the lottery. The year of entitlement for all applicants registered for the DV-2012 program ends as of September 30, 2012. DV visas may not be issued to DV-2012 applicants after that date. Similarly, spouses and children accompanying or following to join DV-2012 principals are only entitled to derivative DV status until September 30, 2012. DV visa availability through the very end of FY-2012 cannot be taken for granted. Numbers could be exhausted prior to September 30.

    C. ADVANCE NOTIFICATION OF THE DIVERSITY (DV) IMMIGRANT CATEGORY RANK CUT-OFFS WHICH WILL APPLY IN JULY

    For July, immigrant numbers in the DV category are available to qualified DV-2012 applicants chargeable to all regions/eligible countries as follows. When an allocation cut-off number is shown, visas are available only for applicants with DV regional lottery rank numbers BELOW the specified allocation cut-off number:

     

    Region All DV Chargeability Areas Except Those Listed Separately
    AFRICA CURRENT  
    ASIA CURRENT  
    EUROPE CURRENT Except: Uzbekistan 17,700
    NORTH AMERICA (BAHAMAS) CURRENT  
    OCEANIA CURRENT  
    SOUTH AMERICA, and the CARIBBEAN CURRENT  

    D. CHINA-MAINLAND AND INDIA EMPLOYMENT SECOND PREFERENCE CATEGORY IS UNAVAILABLE

    Despite the retrogression of the China and India Employment Second preference cut-off date to August 15, 2007, demand for numbers by applicants with priority dates earlier than that date remained excessive. Such demand is primarily based on cases which had originally been filed with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for adjustment of status in the Employment Third preference category, and are now eligible to be upgraded to Employment Second preference status. The potential amount of such “upgrade” demand is not currently being reported, but it was evident that the continued availability of Employment Second preference numbers for countries other than China and India was being jeopardized. Therefore, it was necessary to make the China and India Employment Second preference category “Unavailable” in early April, and it will remain so for the remainder of FY-2012.

    Numbers will once again be available for China and India Employment Second preference cases beginning October 1, 2012 under the FY-2013 annual numerical limitations. Every effort will be made to return the China and India Employment Second preference cut-off date to the May 1, 2010 date which had been reached in April 2012. Readers should be advised that it is impossible to accurately estimate how long that may take, but current indications are that it would definitely not occur before spring 2013.

    USCIS has indicated that it will continue accepting China and India Employment Second preference I-485 filings during May, based on the originally announced May cut-off date.

    E. EMPLOYMENT FIRST AND SECOND PREFERENCE VISA AVAILABILITY

    Item F of the May Visa Bulletin (number 44) provided projections regarding visa availability in the coming months. Information received from the USCIS after the publication of that item requires an update in the projections for the Employment First and Second preference categories.

    Employment First: Based on the current rate of demand, it may be necessary to establish a cut-off date at the end of the fiscal year in an effort to limit number use within the annual numerical limit.

    Employment Second: Based on the current rate of demand, it may be necessary to establish a cut-off date for this category for all countries other than China and India. Such action may be required at any time during the next few months.

    Please be advised that the above are only estimates for what could happen during the next few months based on applicant demand patterns experienced in recent months.

    F. DIVERSITY VISA LOTTERY 2013 (DV-2013) RESULTS

    The Kentucky Consular Center in Williamsburg, Kentucky has registered and notified the winners of the DV-2013 diversity lottery. The diversity lottery was conducted under the terms of section 203(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act and makes available *50,000 permanent resident visas annually to persons from countries with low rates of immigration to the United States. Approximately 105,628 applicants have been registered. Applicants may check the status of their entry using the confirmation number through Entrant Status Check on the website www.dvlottery.state.gov. Entrants selected may make an application for an immigrant visa. Since it is likely that some of the first *50,000 persons registered will not pursue their cases to visa issuance, this larger figure should insure that all DV-2013 numbers will be used during fiscal year 2013 (October 1, 2012 until September 30, 2013).

    Applicants registered for the DV-2013 program were selected at random from 7,941,400 qualified entries (12,577,463 with derivatives) received during the 30-day application period that ran from noon, Eastern Daylight Time on Tuesday, October 4, 2011, until noon, Eastern Daylight Time on Saturday, November 5, 2011. The visas have been apportioned among six geographic regions with a maximum of seven percent available to persons born in any single country. During the visa interview, principal applicants must provide proof of a high school education or its equivalent, or show two years of work experience in an occupation that requires at least two years of training or experience within the past five years. Those selected will need to act on their immigrant visa applications quickly. Applicants should follow the instructions provided on the website www.dvlottery.state.gov.

    Registrants living legally in the United States who wish to apply for adjustment of their status must contact the USCIS for information on the requirements and procedures. Once the total *50,000 visa numbers have been used, the program for fiscal year 2013 will end. Selected applicants who do not receive visas by September 30, 2013 will derive no further benefit from their DV-2013 registration. Similarly, spouses and children accompanying or following to join DV-2013 principal applicants are only entitled to derivative diversity visa status until September 30, 2013.

    Dates for the DV-2014 program registration period will be widely publicized in the coming months. Those interested in entering the DV-2014 program should check the Department of State’s Visa web page for more details in September.

    * The Nicaraguan and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) passed by Congress

    in November 1997 stipulated that up to 5,000 of the 55,000 annually-allocated diversity visas be made available for use under the NACARA program. The reduction of the limit of available visas to 50,000 began with DV-2000.

    The following is the statistical breakdown by foreign-state chargeability of those registered for the DV-2013 program:

    AFRICA    
    ALGERIA 2,161 GABON 38 SAO TOME & PRINCIPE 0
    ANGOLA 47 GAMBIA, THE 85 SENEGAL 394
    BENIN 809 GHANA 5,105 SEYCHELLES 0
    BOTSWANA 18 GUINEA 1,350 SIERRA LEONE 2,516
    BURKINA FASO 296 GUINEA-BISSAU 25 SOMALIA 197
    BURUNDI 94 KENYA 4,410 SOUTH AFRICA 956
    CAMEROON 3,858 LESOTHO 6 SOUTH SUDAN 5
    CAPE VERDE 25 LIBERIA 1,916 SUDAN 747
    CENTRAL AFRICAN REP. 18 LIBYA 138 SWAZILAND 3
    CHAD 28 MADAGASCAR 40 TANZANIA 150
    COMOROS 8 MALAWI 29 TOGO 1,065
    CONGO 156 MALI 80 TUNISIA 145
    CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE 3,924 MAURITANIA 31 UGANDA 513
    COTE D'IVOIRE 805 MAURITIUS 67 ZAMBIA 87
    DJIBOUTI 79 MOROCCO 2,068 ZIMBABWE 169
    EGYPT 5,015 MOZAMBIQUE 10  
    EQUATORIAL GUINEA 19 NAMIBIA 21  
    ERITREA 804 NIGER 53  
    ETHIOPIA 4,910 NIGERIA 6,218  
      RWANDA 369  
         
    ASIA    
    AFGHANISTAN 128 ISRAEL 175 OMAN 10
    BAHRAIN 15 JAPAN 440 QATAR 24
    BHUTAN 4 JORDAN 251 SAUDI ARABIA 287
    BRUNEI 8 NORTH KOREA 0 SINGAPORE 31
    BURMA 403 KUWAIT 137 SRI LANKA 802
    CAMBODIA 986 LAOS 1 SYRIA 170
    HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMIN.REGION 92 LEBANON 269 TAIWAN 360
    INDONESIA 215 MALAYSIA 67 THAILAND 75
    IRAN 6,029 MALDIVES 0 TIMOR-LESTE 1
    IRAQ 164 MONGOLIA 167 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 98
      NEPAL 4,370 YEMEN 266
         
    EUROPE    
    ALBANIA 1,520 GERMANY 1,253 NORTHERN IRELAND 45
    ANDORRA 0 GREECE 99 NORWAY 50
    ARMENIA 1,174 HUNGARY 246 POLAND 2,038
    AUSTRIA 108 ICELAND 38 PORTUGAL 40
    AZERBAIJAN 373 IRELAND 138 Macau 2
    BELARUS 1,195 ITALY 396 ROMANIA 711
    BELGIUM 79 KAZAKHSTAN 533 RUSSIA 2,846
    BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA 54 KOSOVO 183 SAN MARINO 0
    BULGARIA 1,299 KYRGYZSTAN 237 SERBIA 303
    CROATIA 75 LATVIA 140 SLOVAKIA 100
    CYPRUS 10 LIECHTENSTEIN 0 SLOVENIA 5
    CZECH REPUBLIC 73 LITHUANIA 248 SPAIN 196
    DENMARK 77 LUXEMBOURG 4 SWEDEN 162
    Faroe Islands 9 MACEDONIA 262 SWITZERLAND 131
    ESTONIA 47 MALTA 4 TAJIKISTAN 330
    FINLAND 72 MOLDOVA 1,330 TURKEY 1,807
    FRANCE 549 MONACO 3 TURKMENISTAN 94

    French Polynesia 11

    MONTENEGRO 11 UKRAINE 6,424

    New Caledonia 0

    NETHERLANDS 109 UZBEKISTAN 5,101

    Saint Barthelemy 4

    Aruba 8

    VATICAN CITY 0
    GEORGIA 723

    Curacao 7

     
     

    Sint Maarten 2

     
         
    NORTH AMERICA    
    BAHAMAS, THE 16    
         
    OCEANIA    
    AUSTRALIA 1,035 NAURU 14 TONGA 91

    Christmas Islands 0

    NEW ZEALAND 373 TUVALU 3

    Cocos Island 2

    Cook Islands 0

    VANUATU 5

    Norfolk Island 4

    Niue 7

    WESTERN SAMOA 30
    FIJI 597

    Tokelau 7

     
    KIRIBATI 5 PALAU 1  
    MARSHALL ISLANDS 0 PAPUA NEW GUINEA 18  
    MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF 1 SAMOA 0  
      SOLOMON ISLANDS 0  
         
    SOUTH AMERICA, CENTRAL AMERICA, AND THE CARIBBEAN  
    ANTIGUA & BARBUDA 3 DOMINICA 17 SAINT LUCIA 19
    ARGENTINA 117 GRENADA 18 VINCENT & THE GRENADINES 14
    BARBADOS 5 GUYANA 43 SURINAME 4
    BELIZE 22 HONDURAS 90 TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 137
    BOLIVIA 74 NICARAGUA 65 URUGUAY 15
    CHILE 42 PANAMA 31 VENEZUELA 924
    COSTA RICA 63 PARAGUAY 8  
    CUBA 490 SAINT KITTS & NEVIS 5  
     

    Natives of the following countries were not eligible to participate in DV-2013: Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China (mainland-born, excluding Hong Kong S.A.R., Macau S.A.R., and Taiwan), Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, the Philippines, South Korea, United Kingdom (except Northern Ireland) and its dependent territories, and Vietnam.

    G. OBTAINING THE MONTHLY VISA BULLETIN

    The Department of State's Bureau of Consular Affairs publishes the monthly Visa Bulletin on their website at www.travel.state.gov under the Visas section. Alternatively, visitors may access the Visa Bulletin directly by going to:

    http://www.travel.state.gov/visa/bulletin/bulletin_1360.html

    To be placed on the Department of State’s E-mail subscription list for the “Visa Bulletin”, please send an E-mail to the following E-mail address:

    listserv@calist.state.gov

    and in the message body type:
    Subscribe Visa-Bulletin First name/Last name
    (example: Subscribe Visa-Bulletin Sally Doe)

    To be removed from the Department of State’s E-mail subscription list for the “Visa Bulletin”, send an e-mail message to the following E-mail address:

    listserv@calist.state.gov

    and in the message body type: Signoff Visa-Bulletin

    The Department of State also has available a recorded message with visa cut-off dates which can be heard at: (202) 663-1541. The recording is normally updated by the middle of each month with information on cut-off dates for the following month.

    Readers may submit questions regarding Visa Bulletin related items by E-mail at the following address:

    VISABULLETIN@STATE.GOV

    (This address cannot be used to subscribe to the Visa Bulletin.)

    Department May 8, 2012

    This content is tagged for employers and Human Resources professionals responsible for hiring foreign professionals/workers in USA

    US Department of Labor is charged with protecting the labor market and investigation and enforcement activities related to that.

    Immigration and Custom Enforcement. This agency used to be a part of old INS. When DHS was formed, enforcement personnel of US Customs Service and INS were combined to form ICE, which is now responsible for a large part of immigration enforcement activity.

    Department of State (State Department) is responsible for issuing visas, which are a permission to travel to USA.

    A method to obtain green card used to avoid the need for PERM based labor certification.

    Customs and Border Protection. This agency was spun off from old INS. CBP is responsible for inspecting people when they land at airports, docks and land borders.

    To qualify for an A-1 (or A-2 visa), you must be traveling to the United States on behalf of your national government to engage solely in official activities for that government.  The fact that there may be government interest or control in a given organization is not in itself the defining factor in determining if you qualify for an A visa; the particular duties or services that will be performed must be governmental in character or nature, as determined by the United States Department of State, in accordance with U.S. immigration laws. Government officials traveling to the United States to perform non-governmental functions of a commercial nature, or traveling as tourists, require some other appropriate visa, and do not qualify for A visas.

    To qualify for an A-2 (or A-1 visa), you must be traveling to the United States on behalf of your national government to engage solely in official activities for that government. The fact that there may be government interest or control in a given organization is not in itself the defining factor in determining if you qualify for an A visa; the particular duties or services that will be performed must be governmental in character or nature, as determined by the United States Department of State, in accordance with U.S. immigration laws. Government officials traveling to the United States to perform non-governmental functions of a commercial nature, or traveling as tourists, require some other appropriate visa, and do not qualify for A visas.

    Consulates all over the world issue visas - a permission to enter USA for a specific purpose. Consulates are a part of the State Department (DOS - Department of State).

    Bangladesh Immigration

    Indonesia Immigration

    I-94 aka Arrival Departure Record is what governs your status in the USA. An expired I-94 can lead to bar from entering USA for 3 to 10 years.See details on "Unlawful Presence".

    When used in relation to immigration, this is another name for being LEGALLY present in the USA

    This is a complicated term. Very simply (there is a lot more to it), you could have your status expire and still be authorized to stay in USA awaiting the outcome of a legally filed petition. This is something less than "Status" but much better than "Unlawful Presence."

    This is another complicated concept with some very serious consequences. Briefly, if you have been unlawfully present in USA for more than 180 days, you cannot come back to USA for 3 years and if unlawfully present for a year or more, you cannot come back for 10 years. Very generally speaking unlawful presence begins after expiration of the I-94 or after having been asked by the govt. to leave USA.

    These are topics related to appeals and motions for reconsideration or reopening of decisions (MTR) by govt. agencies such as USCIS, USDOL, etc.

    These are topics related to appeals and motions for reconsideration or reopening of decisions (MTR) by govt. agencies such as USCIS, USDOL, etc.

    Adjustment of Status

    Includes topics of loss of physical green card papers or the card itself as well as loss of green card through abandonment and criminal activity.

    When used in relation to immigration, this is another name for extending your status.

    Employees working in USA

    Personal employees, attendants and servants of A-1 and A-2 visa holders.

    EB4 category is for religious workers.

    “Priority Date” determines your place in the queue for waiting for green card in the categories where there is a wait. When the govt. has reached your PD, it is said to be “current.” For family-based green cards, PD is the date your I-130 was filed; for PERM-based cases, the date your PERM was filed; for employment-based cases other than through PERM (like EB-1 cases), PD is the date your I-140 was filed. DOS publishes the movement of the PD queue every month in the Visa Bulletin: http://www.immigration.com/visa-bulletin

    A publication of the US State Department that keeps track of the green card backlogs and informs us which "Priority Dates" are current so the applicants can expect to get through the last step of their green card processing. This is published every month around the 14th and tells us the availability for the following month. Note that certain categories of applicants ("immediate relatives") such as spouse of a US citizen are not shown in the visa bulletin because they are entitled to have their applications considered without any wait.

    Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (now USCIS)

    Central Intelligence Agency

    Department of Homeland Security

    Department of Justice

    Federal Bureau of Investigation

    Immigration and Naturalization Service (now reconstituted into USCIS)

    Internal Revenue Service

    Office of Management and Budget

    Social Security Administration

    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Earlier known as INS. USCIS is responsible for providing immigration benefits to applicants. Homepage http://wwww.uscis.gov

    American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998.

    Approval Date (When your application was approved)

    Alien Documentation, Identification & Telecommunications System

    Assistant Field Office Director

    Abbreviation for American Immigration Lawyers Association.

    Adjudications Officer

    Administrative Review

    Application Support Center: offers biometric services including fingerprinting services

    Birth Certificate

    Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (now USCIS)

    Board of Immigrant Appeals

    Biometrics (include Digital photo, index finger print and your digital signature). This is needed for the production of Green Card.

    Customs and Border Protection

    Central Intelligence Agency

    Citizenship and Immigration Services

    Consulate Officer

    Consular Processing

    Conditional Permanent Resident

    Curricular Practical Training

    Central Regional Office

    California Service Center

    Cancelled Without Prejudice

    Deputy Field Office Director

    Department of Homeland Security

    Drivers License

    Department of Motor Vehicles

    Department of Justice

    Department of Labor

    Dallas Office Rapid Adjustment of Status

    Department of State

    Detention and Removal Operations

    Diversity Visa (a.k.a. Green Card Lottery)

    Eastern Application Center

    Employment Authorization Document (I-765, approval to work while waiting for Adjustment of Status - AOS Approval)

    Electronic Data Systems

    Executive Office of Immigration Review

    Expedited Removal

    Eastern Regional Office

    Entered Without Inspection

    Foreign Affairs Manual

    Federal Bureau of Investigation

    Field Office Director

    Finger Print

    File Transfer Request

    Green Card

    Immigration Judge

    International Marriage Brokers Act

    Immigration and Nationality Act

    Is an online appointment so you can go to your DO if you have a doubt or want to know something about your case in person or to request your interim EAD

    Immigration and Naturalization Service (now called USCIS)

    Immigration officer / Interviewing officer

    Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

    Internal Revenue Service

    Internet Service Provider

    Immigrant Visa

    Immigrant Visa Applicant Control System

    John F. Kennedy International Airport

    Kentucky Consular Center

    Labor Condition Application

    Lawful Permanent Resident

    Lawful Permanent Resident Alien

    Last Update Date on your on-line portfolio at USCIS website. It is the date when they last took action on your application, could be anything.

    Machine Readable Data

    Machine Readable Passport

    Machine Readable Visa

    Missouri Service Center

    Notice Date (When USCIS notified you that they received your application)

    National Data Entry Center

    Non Immigrant Visa

    Notice of Action is your receipt/letter that you received after you filed your forms (indicates I-797C)

    Notice of Proposed Rule Making

    Notice To Appear

    Nebraska Service Center

    National Visa Center

    New York District Office

    Office of Management and Budget

    Optional Practical Training

    Other Than Mexican

    Police Clearance Certificate

    Priority Date

    Port of Entry

    Permanent Resident (Also LPR - Legal Permanent Resident)

    Quality Assurance

    Receipt Date (When USCIS received your application)

    Remote Adjudications Center

    Request for Evidence

    Request for Initial Evidence

    Service Center (this is used with a prefix, eg CSC - California Service Center; MSC - Missouri Service Center, that is the address from where you will received your NOA (Notice of Action))

    Supervisory Detention & Deportation Officer

    Student Exchange Visitor Information System

    Student and Exchange Visitor Program

    Social Security Administration

    Social Security Number

    State Workforce Agency

    When the UCSIS "Touches" your petition or file it means that an action was taken which required your file to be physically touched or moved. Example: Your file is touched when it is given to an adjudicator to process.

    Temporary Protected Status

    Texas Service Center

    Transit Without Visa

    US Citizen

    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

    System in airports that captures biometrics of people entering the country

    Voluntary Return

    Vermont Service Center

    Visa Waiver Program

    Western Application Center

    Western Regional Office

    Alien's Change of Address Form

    NAFTA Professional visa

    NAFTA Professional Dependant visa

    Pre-Flight Inspection

    PERM Processing: Program Electronic Review Management

    Individual Taxpayer Identification Number

    Interim EAD

    Application to Replace Permanent Residence Card

    Employment Eligibility Verification

    Affidavit of Support

    Application for Employment Authorization

    Green Card

    Application To Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status

    Welcome Notice

    Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker

    Affidavit of Support

    Application for Travel Document

    Advance Parole or AP (Form I-131): The authorization to travel outside the US while your adjustment of status is pending. Note, Form I-131 is also used for Reentry Permit, an application by a US green card holder to be away from USA for over one year.

    Administrative Appeals Office

    Optional Practical Training (OPT) is temporary employment that is directly related to an F-1 student’s major area of study. Under the prior rules, an F-1 student could be authorized to receive up to a total of 12 months of practical training either before (pre-) and/or after (post-) completion of studies.

    This is an abbreviation for test_term and can be deleted

    AC21 is the name given to a law that provides for several matters including the ability to change jobs while an employment-based green card is pending (I-485 AC21 portability) and to start working for an H-1B employer as soon as transfer petition is filed with the USCIS.

    AC21 is the name given to a law that provides for several matters including the ability to change jobs while an employment-based green card is pending (I-485 AC21 portability) and to start working for an H-1B employer as soon as transfer petition is filed with the USCIS.

    American Immigration Lawyers Association

    Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs

    The process though which a person within USA obtains a change in their status to green card holder. This is usually the last step for (most not all) green card process.

    Includes Zoologists, Botanists

    Includes occupations in biochemistry, cytology, genetics, physiology

    Fashion Models

    Hotel management and related professions

    An alternative to obtaining the last step in the green card through the consulates outside USA. This is an alternative to adjustment of status.

    DOD (Department of Defense) project visas.

    Includes CPA's CA's and all other accountants and auditors

    Violence Against Women Act

    Child Status Protection Act

    Labor Condition Application. This is a part of some nonimmigrant visa applications process including H-1 visas. Not to be confused with "Labor Certification" also known as PERM, which is a part of the green card process. An LCA, or Labor Condition Application, is required to be submitted to and certified by the U.S. Department of Labor as a part of an H-1B application. The LCA serves to ensure that U.S. wages will not be depressed by the hiring of the H-1B employee and that the H-1B worker will not be exploited. In the LCA, the employer guarantees that it will pay the H-1B worker the required wage, which is the greater of the prevailing wage or the actual wage paid to other employees in the same position; that the H-1B employee will not displace a U.S. worker; and that the employment will not adversely affect the working conditions of workers similarly employed in the area of intended employment.

    Also known as CIS Ombudsman, this office provides recommendations for resolving individual and employer problems with the USCIS. As mandated by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 § 452, CIS Ombudsman is an independent office that reports directly to the Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security. http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0482.shtm

    PERM audits typically involve questions from the USDOL regarding the PERM filing.

    Used mostly in the context of the last step in green card processing (Adjustment of Status), preadjudication means USCIS is proceeding to make decision on the file even though priority date is not yet current. The idea is that way when the PD gets current, all they need to do is send approval notice and then the green card. So if the AOS is preadjudicated, you still need to wait for the PD to become current.

    Petition for a conditional resident who obtained status through marriage to apply to remove the conditions on his or her residence.

    Vermont Service Center

    California Service Center

    Nebraska Service Center

    Texas Service Center

    Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer (OCAHO) is one of the three adjudicative bodies within the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). It has jurisdiction over three types of civil penalty cases: employer sanctions (INA § 274A - 8 USC § 1324a), unfair immigration-related employment practices (INA § 274B - 8 USC § 1324b), and immigration-related document fraud (INA § 274C - 8 USC § 1324c).

    Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals is an adjudicative agency that decides in appeal PERM and wage disputes.

    Certifying Officer is the highest Department of Labor officer for a region. They are charged, amongst other things, with the responsibility to adjudicate PERM and LCA cases.

    Fraud Detection and National Security. FDNS was created to strengthen the ability of the U.S. Citizenship and
    Immigration Services (USCIS) to provide the right benefit to the right person at the right time, and no benefit to the wrong person.

    Citizenship in USA can be obtained through naturalization or through birth in USA.

    The process through which a person becomes a US Citizen.

    N-470 helps you preserve your stay abroad for naturalization under certain circumstances. So, even though you are living outside USA, you can accumulate that time for naturalization.

    Electronic System for Travel Authorization

    Congressional Research Service. A "think tank" that provides reports to members of Congress on a variety of topics relevant to current political events.

    Missouri Service Center (MSC) was transitioned into the National Benefits Center (NBC). The NBC was established to serve as the hub and conduit for USCIS local field offices by completing all pre-interview processing of Forms generally requiring an interview. This pre-processing includes conducting background security checks, performing initial evidence reviews, adjudication of associated I-765 and I-131 applications (filed with the I-485 or separately), denial of adjustment of status cases for applicants who are statutorily ineligible, and forwarding scheduled cases to the USCIS local office for adjudication. In employment based cases, transfer to NBC usually means an interview can be expected. This can occur even if PD is retrogressed.

    Online Form DS-160, Nonimmigrant Visa Electronic Application can only be used by visa applicants applying at a U.S. Embassy or Consulate which has converted to the new electronic fully online form and process. For more information visit travel.state.gov DS-160 informational webpage for a listing of embassy locations using Form DS-160. Next, visit one of the U.S. Embassy websites using the Form DS-160 and where you will apply, to review detailed nonimmigrant visa how-to-apply instructions, in addition to these FAQs.

    1. Where can I find the DS-160?
    You can access the DS-160 from the Consular Electronic Application Center website or from the link on the U.S. Embassy or Consulate website.

    The mission of the Employment and Training Administration is to contribute to the more efficient functioning of the U.S. labor market by providing high quality job training, employment, labor market information, and income maintenance services primarily through state and local workforce development systems.

    A form issued by school for applicants to obtain a Student Visa.

    A form issued by school or sponsor for applicants to obtain a J Visa.

    United Kingdom

    Cyprus Immigration

    Japan

    France

    Germany

    Ireland

    Kuwait Immigration

    Saudi Arabia Immigration

    United Arab Emirates Immigration

    Singapore Immigration

    Chile Immigration

    China Immigration new

    Egypt Immigration

    France Immigration

    Malaysia Immigration

    Maldives Immigration

    Malta Immigration

    Mauritius Immigration

    Nepal Immigration

    Norway Immigration

    New Zealand Immigration

    Romania Immigration

    South Africa Immigration

    South Korea Immigration

    Sweden Immigration

    Switzerland immigration

    Trinidad immigration

    In April of 1994, the Department of State opened a permanent Immigrant Visa processing facility at the National Visa Center (NVC) in Portsmouth, NH. The NVC processes all approved immigrant visa petitions after they are received from Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security (CIS) and retains them until the cases are ready for adjudication by a consular officer abroad.

    Every month, the Visa Office (VO) establishes Qualifying Dates that determine if a petition will be eligible for processing. Qualifying Dates are the latest priority dates that can be processed for certain visa categories. An immigrant visa petition can only become ready for further processing when the Qualifying Date in the appropriate visa category has advanced up to the priority date of the petition. Petitions may remain at NVC for several months or for many years depending on the visa category and country of birth of the visa applicant.

    NVC’s Role

    The NVC is responsible for the collection of visa application fees and visa application documentation. When an applicant's priority date meets the most recent Qualifying Date, the NVC will contact the applicant and petitioner with instructions for submitting the appropriate processing fees. After the appropriate processing fees are paid, the NVC will again contact the applicant and petitioner to request that the necessary immigrant visa documentation be submitted to the NVC.

    The U.S. Department of State's official site for U.S. visa information

    InfoPass is an Internet-based system that enables the public to go online to schedule appointments with immigration information officers at U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) offices. If you have a complex immigration question or need that is best addressed by a trained USCIS officer in person, InfoPass offers a convenient alternative to waiting in line for assistance. InfoPass is a secure Internet site.

    8 C.F.R. ง 214.3(l)(1)(ii):

    (l) Designated official.

    (1) Meaning of term Designated Official. As used in งง 214.1(b), 214.2(b),
    214.2(f), 214.2(m), and 214.4, a Designated Official, Designated School
    Official (DSO), or Principal Designated School Official (PDSO), means a
    regularly employed member of the school administration whose office is
    located at the school and whose compensation does not come from commissions
    for recruitment of foreign students. An individual whose principal
    obligation to the school is to recruit foreign students for compensation
    does not qualify as a designated official. The PDSO and any other DSO must
    be named by the president, owner, or head of a school or school system. The
    PDSO and DSO may not delegate this designation to any other person.

    (i) A PDSO and DSO must be either a citizen or lawful permanent resident of
    the United States.

    (ii) Each campus must have one PDSO. The PDSO is responsible for updating
    SEVIS to reflect the addition or deletion of any DSO on his or her
    associated campus. SEVP will use the PDSO as the point of contact on any
    issues that relate to the school's compliance with the regulations, as well
    as any system alerts generated by SEVIS. SEVP may also designate certain
    functions in SEVIS for use by the PDSO only. The PDSO of the main campus is
    the only DSO authorized to submit a Form I-17 for recertification. The PDSO
    and DSO will share the same responsibilities in all other respects.

    (iii) Each school may have up to 10 designated officials at any one time,
    including the PDSO. In a multi-campus school, each campus may have up to 10
    designated officials at any one time including a required PDSO. In a private
    elementary or public or private secondary school system, however, the entire
    school system is limited to 10 designated officials at any one time
    including the PDSO.

    The DS-160, Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application, is a fully integrated online application form that is used to collect the necessary application information from a person seeking a nonimmigrant visa for temporary travel to the United States.

    OFLC processes labor certification applications for employers seeking to bring foreign workers into the United States and grants certifications in those cases where employers can demonstrate that there are not sufficient U.S. workers available, willing and qualified to perform the work at wages that meet or exceed the prevailing wage paid for the occupation in the area of intended employment.

    Designated School Official is a school officer designated to work with students and act as a representative of USCIS/ICE in certain matters.

    Student and Exchange Visitor Information System www.ice.gov/sevis.

    SEVIS is an Internet-based system that maintains accurate and current information on non-immigrant students (F and M visa), exchange visitors (J visa), and their dependents (F-2, M-2, and J-2). SEVIS enables schools and program sponsors to transmit electronic information and event notifications via the Internet, to the ICE and Department of State (DOS) throughout a student or exchange visitor’s stay in the United States. The system will reflect international student or exchange visitor status changes, such as admission at Port of Entry (POE), change of address, change in program of study, and other details. SEVIS will also provide system alerts, event notifications, and basic reports to the end-user schools, programs, and Immigration related field offices.

    SEVP acts as the bridge for government organizations that have an interest in information on foreign students. SEVP helps the Department of Homeland Security and Department of State monitor school and exchange programs and F, M and J category visitors. SEVP administers the F and M visa categories, while the Department of State manages the J exchange visitor program.
    SEVP uses the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS), a web-based solution, to track and monitor schools and programs, students, exchange visitors and their dependents while approved to participate in the U.S. education system.
    SEVP collects, maintains and provides the information so that only legitimate foreign students or exchange visitors gain entry to the United States. The result is an easily accessible information system that provides timely information to the Department of State, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
    For more details, please visit the link, http://www.ice.gov/sevis/

    Introduction:

    VIBE is a web-based adjudication tool used by USCIS to validate basic information about companies petitioning to employ alien workers. VIBE uses commercially available data from an independent information provider (IIP) to validate basic information about companies petitioning to employ certain alien workers. Dun and Bradstreet (D&B) is the current IIP for this program.

    This service is available to US based, privately held companies only. It is free of charge, and petitioning employers may access this process via D&B’s iUpdate for U.S. government customers -- a free, password-protected and encrypted online service tool offered by D&B.

    Please note that USCIS does not expect or require petitioners to contact D&B or pay any fees associated with creating or updating an existing record. Employers who wish to update their information through D&B directly may be subject to direct marketing by the organization or encounter D&B representatives who may suggest a purchase of the firm’s products and services.

    Purpose of VIBE:

    The purpose behind VIBE is to increase the efficiency of the visa petitioning process by reducing the amount of documents employers have to submit with each petition in order to prove eligibility. Furthermore, USCIS will also be able to reduce the number of RFEs issued to otherwise eligible petitioners.

    An important point to note is that USCIS will not deny a petition based solely on information from VIBE without at least first giving the petitioner an opportunity to respond to the RFEs or NOIDs issued by USCIS.

    Please note that whether or not you choose to create a record or update your record with D&B, you must respond to any RFE or NOID received from USCIS. Failure to respond could result in the denial of your petition. Furthermore, it is necessary to resolve relevant inconsistencies in the information provided by the employer, on one hand, and information available on VIBE, on the other.

    Employment Authorization Document. This is evidence that a person is authorized to work in USA. People undergoing Adjustment of Status (AOS or I-485 process) are entitled to an EAD.

    Specific information related to our team and this site.

    Deferred Action is consent by the Government not to deport (remove) an otherwise deport-able individual. Usually it is given for humanitarian reasons and work authorization is also provided. Unlawful presence is stopped during deferred action, but any unlawful presence already accrued does not get wiped away. Deferred action is not a visa or a full legal status.

    Automatic Visa Revalidation - Definition from Travel.state.gov

    Re-entering the U.S. with a Valid I-94 Form & Expired Visa is Limited
    What Is Automatic Revalidation?

    The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has the authority and the responsibility over the admission of travelers to the U.S. Under the automatic revalidation provision of immigration law, certain temporary visitors holding expired nonimmigrant visas who seek to return to the U.S. may be admitted at a U.S. port of entry by CBP, if they meet certain requirements, including, but not limited to the following:

    Nonimmigrants who departed the U.S. for brief travel to Canada, Mexico, or an adjacent island (for F and J nonimmigrants) for thirty days or less;
    Nonimmigrants with a valid (unexpired) Form I-94, Arrival-Departure Record, endorsed by DHS.

    More Information about Automatic Revalidation

    For more information about automatic revalidation provisions and reentry to the U.S., visit the International Visitors webpage and the Automatic Revalidation Fact Sheet on the CBP website. Students and Exchange Visitors should review additional important information about travel outside the U.S. and reentry procedures on the DHS Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) website.

    Automatic revalidation is not the same as applying for a new visa. If you apply for a new nonimmigrant visa, you cannot take advantage of automatic revalidation.
    Who Must Reapply for and Be Reissued a Visa at a U.S. Embassy or Consulate?

    This webpage explains which travelers must reapply and be reissued visas when their existing visas have expired, even if they are in possession of valid I-94 forms, in order to gain admission to reenter the U.S.

    Many nonimmigrants will need to reapply and be reissued visas to reenter the U.S. when their existing visas have expired, even if they are in possession of valid I-94 forms, because automatic revalidation applies to limited categories of travelers. Refer to the Automatic Revalidation Fact Sheet on the CBP website. The following temporary visitors whose nonimmigrant visas have expired, but who have valid I-94 forms, must reapply for and be issued nonimmigrant visas prior to their reentry to the U.S., if one or more of the following situations exists (this is not a complete listing):

    The nonimmigrant traveler with an expired nonimmigrant visa (but valid Form I-94):

    Applied for a new visa which has not yet been issued;
    Applied for a new visa and was denied;
    Has been outside of the United States for more than thirty days;
    Has traveled to a country other than Canada, Mexico, or an adjacent island which is not included in the automatic revalidation provisions;
    Is a national of a State Sponsor of Terrorism designated country, including Cuba, Iran, Syria, and Sudan. Review more about State Sponsors of Terrorism and FAQs on this website;
    Is in possession of an F student visa or J exchange visitor visa and has traveled to Cuba;
    Is in possession of an M student visa and has traveled to a location outside the U.S., other than Canada and Mexico.

    Additional Resources – Laws

    The automatic revalidation provision of U.S. immigration law is described in both 8 CFR 214.1(b) and 22 CFR 112(d).
    We Want You to Know

    Visa News
    Adoption Alerts
    Diversity Visa
    Visa Waiver Program (VWP)
    Iraqis & Afghans-SIV
    Business Visa Center
    Customer Service Statement to Visa Applicants
    Fraud Warning

    Visa denial based upon immigrant intent defined in Section 214(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

    Immigrant intent becomes an issue when an applicant outside or inside USA seeks a benefit (such as a visa, when outside USA, or a change of status, when within USA) that does not allow an applicant to possess the intention of residing permanently in USA ("immigrant intent"). For example, an applicant for a visitor's visa must not have the intention to reside in USA permanently. Their visa can be refused if they have immigrant intent.

    NOIR (Notice of Intent to Revoke) is a notice the government issues when it intends to revoke (cancel) approval of a case that it has already approved. This happens when the government notices that the case either should not have been approved initially or, subsequent to the approval, has become revocable. This notice gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why the government should not revoke the approval.

    NOID (Notice of Intent to Deny) is a notice the government issues when it intends to deny a pending case and gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why it should not be denied.

    NOID (Notice of Intent to Deny) is a notice the government issues when it intends to deny a case and gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why it should not be denied.

    NOIR (Notice of Intent to Revoke) is a notice the government issues when it plans to remove approval of a case that it has already approved. This happens when the government notices that the case either should not have been approved initially or, subsequent to the approval, has become revocable. This notice gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why the government should not revoke the approval.

    NOIR (Notice of Intent to Revoke) is a notice the government issues when it plans to remove approval of a case that it has already approved. This happens when the government notices that the case either should not have been approved initially or, subsequent to the approval, has become revocable. This notice gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why the government should not revoke the approval.

    NOID (Notice of Intent to Deny) is a notice the government issues when it intends to deny a case and gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why it should not be denied.

    Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. The term often refers to the Designated Degree program requiring a degree in one of these fields of study. STEM programs, in recognition of their importance to US interests, are awarded special consideration in certain areas under US immigration laws.

    A Returning Resident Permit, or SB-1 Visa, is what a Legal Permanent Resident (LPR or Green Card holder) can get to return to the United States after being out of the country for more than one year. When an LPR leaves the United States, they must return within a year. If they stay more than a year, they must obtain a Returning Resident Permit in order to return. This also applies to those who remain outside of the country longer than is allowed by their reentry permit.
    You apply for a returning residence visa through the consulate in your home country. There, you have to explain in quite some detail the genuine reason for your inability to return to USA within one year. It is discretionary upon the consulate whether they are convinced by the genuineness of your response or not.
    For more information, see this State Department’s webpage: http://travel.state.gov/visa/immigrants/info/info_1333.html

    A Returning Resident Permit, or SB-1 Visa, is what a Legal Permanent Resident (LPR or Green Card holder) can get to return to the United States after being out of the country for more than one year. When an LPR leaves the United States, they must return within a year. If they stay more than a year, they must obtain a Returning Resident Permit in order to return. This also applies to those who remain outside of the country longer than is allowed by their reentry permit.
    You apply for a returning residence visa through the consulate in your home country. There, you have to explain in quite some detail the genuine reason for your inability to return to USA within one year. It is discretionary upon the consulate whether they are convinced by the genuineness of your response or not.
    For more information, see this State Department’s webpage: http://travel.state.gov/visa/immigrants/info/info_1333.html

    U.S. Legislature responsible for making laws. Consists of two houses: Senate and the House of Representatives.

    One of the two houses of U.S. Legislature responsible for making laws. The other is the House of Representatives.

    One of the two houses of U.S. Legislature responsible for making laws. The other is the Senate.

    Default Web Links group

    We host free calls for the community every other Thursday at 12:30 pm Eastern Standard Time.  All are welcome to call in phone 202-800-8394 and ask their questions.

    This content is tagged for employers and Human Resources professionals responsible for hiring foreign professionals/workers in USA

    US Department of Labor is charged with protecting the labor market and investigation and enforcement activities related to that.

    Immigration and Custom Enforcement. This agency used to be a part of old INS. When DHS was formed, enforcement personnel of US Customs Service and INS were combined to form ICE, which is now responsible for a large part of immigration enforcement activity.

    Department of State (State Department) is responsible for issuing visas, which are a permission to travel to USA.

    A method to obtain green card used to avoid the need for PERM based labor certification.

    Customs and Border Protection. This agency was spun off from old INS. CBP is responsible for inspecting people when they land at airports, docks and land borders.

    To qualify for an A-1 (or A-2 visa), you must be traveling to the United States on behalf of your national government to engage solely in official activities for that government.  The fact that there may be government interest or control in a given organization is not in itself the defining factor in determining if you qualify for an A visa; the particular duties or services that will be performed must be governmental in character or nature, as determined by the United States Department of State, in accordance with U.S. immigration laws. Government officials traveling to the United States to perform non-governmental functions of a commercial nature, or traveling as tourists, require some other appropriate visa, and do not qualify for A visas.

    To qualify for an A-2 (or A-1 visa), you must be traveling to the United States on behalf of your national government to engage solely in official activities for that government. The fact that there may be government interest or control in a given organization is not in itself the defining factor in determining if you qualify for an A visa; the particular duties or services that will be performed must be governmental in character or nature, as determined by the United States Department of State, in accordance with U.S. immigration laws. Government officials traveling to the United States to perform non-governmental functions of a commercial nature, or traveling as tourists, require some other appropriate visa, and do not qualify for A visas.

    Consulates all over the world issue visas - a permission to enter USA for a specific purpose. Consulates are a part of the State Department (DOS - Department of State).

    Bangladesh Immigration

    Indonesia Immigration

    I-94 aka Arrival Departure Record is what governs your status in the USA. An expired I-94 can lead to bar from entering USA for 3 to 10 years.See details on "Unlawful Presence".

    When used in relation to immigration, this is another name for being LEGALLY present in the USA

    This is a complicated term. Very simply (there is a lot more to it), you could have your status expire and still be authorized to stay in USA awaiting the outcome of a legally filed petition. This is something less than "Status" but much better than "Unlawful Presence."

    This is another complicated concept with some very serious consequences. Briefly, if you have been unlawfully present in USA for more than 180 days, you cannot come back to USA for 3 years and if unlawfully present for a year or more, you cannot come back for 10 years. Very generally speaking unlawful presence begins after expiration of the I-94 or after having been asked by the govt. to leave USA.

    These are topics related to appeals and motions for reconsideration or reopening of decisions (MTR) by govt. agencies such as USCIS, USDOL, etc.

    These are topics related to appeals and motions for reconsideration or reopening of decisions (MTR) by govt. agencies such as USCIS, USDOL, etc.

    Adjustment of Status

    Includes topics of loss of physical green card papers or the card itself as well as loss of green card through abandonment and criminal activity.

    When used in relation to immigration, this is another name for extending your status.

    Employees working in USA

    Personal employees, attendants and servants of A-1 and A-2 visa holders.

    EB4 category is for religious workers.

    “Priority Date” determines your place in the queue for waiting for green card in the categories where there is a wait. When the govt. has reached your PD, it is said to be “current.” For family-based green cards, PD is the date your I-130 was filed; for PERM-based cases, the date your PERM was filed; for employment-based cases other than through PERM (like EB-1 cases), PD is the date your I-140 was filed. DOS publishes the movement of the PD queue every month in the Visa Bulletin: http://www.immigration.com/visa-bulletin

    A publication of the US State Department that keeps track of the green card backlogs and informs us which "Priority Dates" are current so the applicants can expect to get through the last step of their green card processing. This is published every month around the 14th and tells us the availability for the following month. Note that certain categories of applicants ("immediate relatives") such as spouse of a US citizen are not shown in the visa bulletin because they are entitled to have their applications considered without any wait.

    Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (now USCIS)

    Central Intelligence Agency

    Department of Homeland Security

    Department of Justice

    Federal Bureau of Investigation

    Immigration and Naturalization Service (now reconstituted into USCIS)

    Internal Revenue Service

    Office of Management and Budget

    Social Security Administration

    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Earlier known as INS. USCIS is responsible for providing immigration benefits to applicants. Homepage http://wwww.uscis.gov

    American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act of 1998.

    Approval Date (When your application was approved)

    Alien Documentation, Identification & Telecommunications System

    Assistant Field Office Director

    Abbreviation for American Immigration Lawyers Association.

    Adjudications Officer

    Administrative Review

    Application Support Center: offers biometric services including fingerprinting services

    Birth Certificate

    Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (now USCIS)

    Board of Immigrant Appeals

    Biometrics (include Digital photo, index finger print and your digital signature). This is needed for the production of Green Card.

    Customs and Border Protection

    Central Intelligence Agency

    Citizenship and Immigration Services

    Consulate Officer

    Consular Processing

    Conditional Permanent Resident

    Curricular Practical Training

    Central Regional Office

    California Service Center

    Cancelled Without Prejudice

    Deputy Field Office Director

    Department of Homeland Security

    Drivers License

    Department of Motor Vehicles

    Department of Justice

    Department of Labor

    Dallas Office Rapid Adjustment of Status

    Department of State

    Detention and Removal Operations

    Diversity Visa (a.k.a. Green Card Lottery)

    Eastern Application Center

    Employment Authorization Document (I-765, approval to work while waiting for Adjustment of Status - AOS Approval)

    Electronic Data Systems

    Executive Office of Immigration Review

    Expedited Removal

    Eastern Regional Office

    Entered Without Inspection

    Foreign Affairs Manual

    Federal Bureau of Investigation

    Field Office Director

    Finger Print

    File Transfer Request

    Green Card

    Immigration Judge

    International Marriage Brokers Act

    Immigration and Nationality Act

    Is an online appointment so you can go to your DO if you have a doubt or want to know something about your case in person or to request your interim EAD

    Immigration and Naturalization Service (now called USCIS)

    Immigration officer / Interviewing officer

    Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

    Internal Revenue Service

    Internet Service Provider

    Immigrant Visa

    Immigrant Visa Applicant Control System

    John F. Kennedy International Airport

    Kentucky Consular Center

    Labor Condition Application

    Lawful Permanent Resident

    Lawful Permanent Resident Alien

    Last Update Date on your on-line portfolio at USCIS website. It is the date when they last took action on your application, could be anything.

    Machine Readable Data

    Machine Readable Passport

    Machine Readable Visa

    Missouri Service Center

    Notice Date (When USCIS notified you that they received your application)

    National Data Entry Center

    Non Immigrant Visa

    Notice of Action is your receipt/letter that you received after you filed your forms (indicates I-797C)

    Notice of Proposed Rule Making

    Notice To Appear

    Nebraska Service Center

    National Visa Center

    New York District Office

    Office of Management and Budget

    Optional Practical Training

    Other Than Mexican

    Police Clearance Certificate

    Priority Date

    Port of Entry

    Permanent Resident (Also LPR - Legal Permanent Resident)

    Quality Assurance

    Receipt Date (When USCIS received your application)

    Remote Adjudications Center

    Request for Evidence

    Request for Initial Evidence

    Service Center (this is used with a prefix, eg CSC - California Service Center; MSC - Missouri Service Center, that is the address from where you will received your NOA (Notice of Action))

    Supervisory Detention & Deportation Officer

    Student Exchange Visitor Information System

    Student and Exchange Visitor Program

    Social Security Administration

    Social Security Number

    State Workforce Agency

    When the UCSIS "Touches" your petition or file it means that an action was taken which required your file to be physically touched or moved. Example: Your file is touched when it is given to an adjudicator to process.

    Temporary Protected Status

    Texas Service Center

    Transit Without Visa

    US Citizen

    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

    System in airports that captures biometrics of people entering the country

    Voluntary Return

    Vermont Service Center

    Visa Waiver Program

    Western Application Center

    Western Regional Office

    Alien's Change of Address Form

    NAFTA Professional visa

    NAFTA Professional Dependant visa

    Pre-Flight Inspection

    PERM Processing: Program Electronic Review Management

    Individual Taxpayer Identification Number

    Interim EAD

    Application to Replace Permanent Residence Card

    Employment Eligibility Verification

    Affidavit of Support

    Application for Employment Authorization

    Green Card

    Application To Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status

    Welcome Notice

    Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker

    Affidavit of Support

    Application for Travel Document

    Advance Parole or AP (Form I-131): The authorization to travel outside the US while your adjustment of status is pending. Note, Form I-131 is also used for Reentry Permit, an application by a US green card holder to be away from USA for over one year.

    Administrative Appeals Office

    Optional Practical Training (OPT) is temporary employment that is directly related to an F-1 student’s major area of study. Under the prior rules, an F-1 student could be authorized to receive up to a total of 12 months of practical training either before (pre-) and/or after (post-) completion of studies.

    This is an abbreviation for test_term and can be deleted

    AC21 is the name given to a law that provides for several matters including the ability to change jobs while an employment-based green card is pending (I-485 AC21 portability) and to start working for an H-1B employer as soon as transfer petition is filed with the USCIS.

    AC21 is the name given to a law that provides for several matters including the ability to change jobs while an employment-based green card is pending (I-485 AC21 portability) and to start working for an H-1B employer as soon as transfer petition is filed with the USCIS.

    American Immigration Lawyers Association

    Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs

    The process though which a person within USA obtains a change in their status to green card holder. This is usually the last step for (most not all) green card process.

    Includes Zoologists, Botanists

    Includes occupations in biochemistry, cytology, genetics, physiology

    Fashion Models

    Hotel management and related professions

    An alternative to obtaining the last step in the green card through the consulates outside USA. This is an alternative to adjustment of status.

    DOD (Department of Defense) project visas.

    Includes CPA's CA's and all other accountants and auditors

    Violence Against Women Act

    Child Status Protection Act

    Labor Condition Application. This is a part of some nonimmigrant visa applications process including H-1 visas. Not to be confused with "Labor Certification" also known as PERM, which is a part of the green card process. An LCA, or Labor Condition Application, is required to be submitted to and certified by the U.S. Department of Labor as a part of an H-1B application. The LCA serves to ensure that U.S. wages will not be depressed by the hiring of the H-1B employee and that the H-1B worker will not be exploited. In the LCA, the employer guarantees that it will pay the H-1B worker the required wage, which is the greater of the prevailing wage or the actual wage paid to other employees in the same position; that the H-1B employee will not displace a U.S. worker; and that the employment will not adversely affect the working conditions of workers similarly employed in the area of intended employment.

    Also known as CIS Ombudsman, this office provides recommendations for resolving individual and employer problems with the USCIS. As mandated by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 § 452, CIS Ombudsman is an independent office that reports directly to the Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security. http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0482.shtm

    PERM audits typically involve questions from the USDOL regarding the PERM filing.

    Used mostly in the context of the last step in green card processing (Adjustment of Status), preadjudication means USCIS is proceeding to make decision on the file even though priority date is not yet current. The idea is that way when the PD gets current, all they need to do is send approval notice and then the green card. So if the AOS is preadjudicated, you still need to wait for the PD to become current.

    Petition for a conditional resident who obtained status through marriage to apply to remove the conditions on his or her residence.

    Vermont Service Center

    California Service Center

    Nebraska Service Center

    Texas Service Center

    Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer (OCAHO) is one of the three adjudicative bodies within the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). It has jurisdiction over three types of civil penalty cases: employer sanctions (INA § 274A - 8 USC § 1324a), unfair immigration-related employment practices (INA § 274B - 8 USC § 1324b), and immigration-related document fraud (INA § 274C - 8 USC § 1324c).

    Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals is an adjudicative agency that decides in appeal PERM and wage disputes.

    Certifying Officer is the highest Department of Labor officer for a region. They are charged, amongst other things, with the responsibility to adjudicate PERM and LCA cases.

    Fraud Detection and National Security. FDNS was created to strengthen the ability of the U.S. Citizenship and
    Immigration Services (USCIS) to provide the right benefit to the right person at the right time, and no benefit to the wrong person.

    Citizenship in USA can be obtained through naturalization or through birth in USA.

    The process through which a person becomes a US Citizen.

    N-470 helps you preserve your stay abroad for naturalization under certain circumstances. So, even though you are living outside USA, you can accumulate that time for naturalization.

    Electronic System for Travel Authorization

    Congressional Research Service. A "think tank" that provides reports to members of Congress on a variety of topics relevant to current political events.

    Missouri Service Center (MSC) was transitioned into the National Benefits Center (NBC). The NBC was established to serve as the hub and conduit for USCIS local field offices by completing all pre-interview processing of Forms generally requiring an interview. This pre-processing includes conducting background security checks, performing initial evidence reviews, adjudication of associated I-765 and I-131 applications (filed with the I-485 or separately), denial of adjustment of status cases for applicants who are statutorily ineligible, and forwarding scheduled cases to the USCIS local office for adjudication. In employment based cases, transfer to NBC usually means an interview can be expected. This can occur even if PD is retrogressed.

    Online Form DS-160, Nonimmigrant Visa Electronic Application can only be used by visa applicants applying at a U.S. Embassy or Consulate which has converted to the new electronic fully online form and process. For more information visit travel.state.gov DS-160 informational webpage for a listing of embassy locations using Form DS-160. Next, visit one of the U.S. Embassy websites using the Form DS-160 and where you will apply, to review detailed nonimmigrant visa how-to-apply instructions, in addition to these FAQs.

    1. Where can I find the DS-160?
    You can access the DS-160 from the Consular Electronic Application Center website or from the link on the U.S. Embassy or Consulate website.

    The mission of the Employment and Training Administration is to contribute to the more efficient functioning of the U.S. labor market by providing high quality job training, employment, labor market information, and income maintenance services primarily through state and local workforce development systems.

    A form issued by school for applicants to obtain a Student Visa.

    A form issued by school or sponsor for applicants to obtain a J Visa.

    United Kingdom

    Cyprus Immigration

    Japan

    France

    Germany

    Ireland

    Kuwait Immigration

    Saudi Arabia Immigration

    United Arab Emirates Immigration

    Singapore Immigration

    Chile Immigration

    China Immigration new

    Egypt Immigration

    France Immigration

    Malaysia Immigration

    Maldives Immigration

    Malta Immigration

    Mauritius Immigration

    Nepal Immigration

    Norway Immigration

    New Zealand Immigration

    Romania Immigration

    South Africa Immigration

    South Korea Immigration

    Sweden Immigration

    Switzerland immigration

    Trinidad immigration

    In April of 1994, the Department of State opened a permanent Immigrant Visa processing facility at the National Visa Center (NVC) in Portsmouth, NH. The NVC processes all approved immigrant visa petitions after they are received from Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security (CIS) and retains them until the cases are ready for adjudication by a consular officer abroad.

    Every month, the Visa Office (VO) establishes Qualifying Dates that determine if a petition will be eligible for processing. Qualifying Dates are the latest priority dates that can be processed for certain visa categories. An immigrant visa petition can only become ready for further processing when the Qualifying Date in the appropriate visa category has advanced up to the priority date of the petition. Petitions may remain at NVC for several months or for many years depending on the visa category and country of birth of the visa applicant.

    NVC’s Role

    The NVC is responsible for the collection of visa application fees and visa application documentation. When an applicant's priority date meets the most recent Qualifying Date, the NVC will contact the applicant and petitioner with instructions for submitting the appropriate processing fees. After the appropriate processing fees are paid, the NVC will again contact the applicant and petitioner to request that the necessary immigrant visa documentation be submitted to the NVC.

    The U.S. Department of State's official site for U.S. visa information

    InfoPass is an Internet-based system that enables the public to go online to schedule appointments with immigration information officers at U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) offices. If you have a complex immigration question or need that is best addressed by a trained USCIS officer in person, InfoPass offers a convenient alternative to waiting in line for assistance. InfoPass is a secure Internet site.

    8 C.F.R. ง 214.3(l)(1)(ii):

    (l) Designated official.

    (1) Meaning of term Designated Official. As used in งง 214.1(b), 214.2(b),
    214.2(f), 214.2(m), and 214.4, a Designated Official, Designated School
    Official (DSO), or Principal Designated School Official (PDSO), means a
    regularly employed member of the school administration whose office is
    located at the school and whose compensation does not come from commissions
    for recruitment of foreign students. An individual whose principal
    obligation to the school is to recruit foreign students for compensation
    does not qualify as a designated official. The PDSO and any other DSO must
    be named by the president, owner, or head of a school or school system. The
    PDSO and DSO may not delegate this designation to any other person.

    (i) A PDSO and DSO must be either a citizen or lawful permanent resident of
    the United States.

    (ii) Each campus must have one PDSO. The PDSO is responsible for updating
    SEVIS to reflect the addition or deletion of any DSO on his or her
    associated campus. SEVP will use the PDSO as the point of contact on any
    issues that relate to the school's compliance with the regulations, as well
    as any system alerts generated by SEVIS. SEVP may also designate certain
    functions in SEVIS for use by the PDSO only. The PDSO of the main campus is
    the only DSO authorized to submit a Form I-17 for recertification. The PDSO
    and DSO will share the same responsibilities in all other respects.

    (iii) Each school may have up to 10 designated officials at any one time,
    including the PDSO. In a multi-campus school, each campus may have up to 10
    designated officials at any one time including a required PDSO. In a private
    elementary or public or private secondary school system, however, the entire
    school system is limited to 10 designated officials at any one time
    including the PDSO.

    The DS-160, Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application, is a fully integrated online application form that is used to collect the necessary application information from a person seeking a nonimmigrant visa for temporary travel to the United States.

    OFLC processes labor certification applications for employers seeking to bring foreign workers into the United States and grants certifications in those cases where employers can demonstrate that there are not sufficient U.S. workers available, willing and qualified to perform the work at wages that meet or exceed the prevailing wage paid for the occupation in the area of intended employment.

    Designated School Official is a school officer designated to work with students and act as a representative of USCIS/ICE in certain matters.

    Student and Exchange Visitor Information System www.ice.gov/sevis.

    SEVIS is an Internet-based system that maintains accurate and current information on non-immigrant students (F and M visa), exchange visitors (J visa), and their dependents (F-2, M-2, and J-2). SEVIS enables schools and program sponsors to transmit electronic information and event notifications via the Internet, to the ICE and Department of State (DOS) throughout a student or exchange visitor’s stay in the United States. The system will reflect international student or exchange visitor status changes, such as admission at Port of Entry (POE), change of address, change in program of study, and other details. SEVIS will also provide system alerts, event notifications, and basic reports to the end-user schools, programs, and Immigration related field offices.

    SEVP acts as the bridge for government organizations that have an interest in information on foreign students. SEVP helps the Department of Homeland Security and Department of State monitor school and exchange programs and F, M and J category visitors. SEVP administers the F and M visa categories, while the Department of State manages the J exchange visitor program.
    SEVP uses the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS), a web-based solution, to track and monitor schools and programs, students, exchange visitors and their dependents while approved to participate in the U.S. education system.
    SEVP collects, maintains and provides the information so that only legitimate foreign students or exchange visitors gain entry to the United States. The result is an easily accessible information system that provides timely information to the Department of State, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
    For more details, please visit the link, http://www.ice.gov/sevis/

    Introduction:

    VIBE is a web-based adjudication tool used by USCIS to validate basic information about companies petitioning to employ alien workers. VIBE uses commercially available data from an independent information provider (IIP) to validate basic information about companies petitioning to employ certain alien workers. Dun and Bradstreet (D&B) is the current IIP for this program.

    This service is available to US based, privately held companies only. It is free of charge, and petitioning employers may access this process via D&B’s iUpdate for U.S. government customers -- a free, password-protected and encrypted online service tool offered by D&B.

    Please note that USCIS does not expect or require petitioners to contact D&B or pay any fees associated with creating or updating an existing record. Employers who wish to update their information through D&B directly may be subject to direct marketing by the organization or encounter D&B representatives who may suggest a purchase of the firm’s products and services.

    Purpose of VIBE:

    The purpose behind VIBE is to increase the efficiency of the visa petitioning process by reducing the amount of documents employers have to submit with each petition in order to prove eligibility. Furthermore, USCIS will also be able to reduce the number of RFEs issued to otherwise eligible petitioners.

    An important point to note is that USCIS will not deny a petition based solely on information from VIBE without at least first giving the petitioner an opportunity to respond to the RFEs or NOIDs issued by USCIS.

    Please note that whether or not you choose to create a record or update your record with D&B, you must respond to any RFE or NOID received from USCIS. Failure to respond could result in the denial of your petition. Furthermore, it is necessary to resolve relevant inconsistencies in the information provided by the employer, on one hand, and information available on VIBE, on the other.

    Employment Authorization Document. This is evidence that a person is authorized to work in USA. People undergoing Adjustment of Status (AOS or I-485 process) are entitled to an EAD.

    Specific information related to our team and this site.

    Deferred Action is consent by the Government not to deport (remove) an otherwise deport-able individual. Usually it is given for humanitarian reasons and work authorization is also provided. Unlawful presence is stopped during deferred action, but any unlawful presence already accrued does not get wiped away. Deferred action is not a visa or a full legal status.

    Automatic Visa Revalidation - Definition from Travel.state.gov

    Re-entering the U.S. with a Valid I-94 Form & Expired Visa is Limited
    What Is Automatic Revalidation?

    The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has the authority and the responsibility over the admission of travelers to the U.S. Under the automatic revalidation provision of immigration law, certain temporary visitors holding expired nonimmigrant visas who seek to return to the U.S. may be admitted at a U.S. port of entry by CBP, if they meet certain requirements, including, but not limited to the following:

    Nonimmigrants who departed the U.S. for brief travel to Canada, Mexico, or an adjacent island (for F and J nonimmigrants) for thirty days or less;
    Nonimmigrants with a valid (unexpired) Form I-94, Arrival-Departure Record, endorsed by DHS.

    More Information about Automatic Revalidation

    For more information about automatic revalidation provisions and reentry to the U.S., visit the International Visitors webpage and the Automatic Revalidation Fact Sheet on the CBP website. Students and Exchange Visitors should review additional important information about travel outside the U.S. and reentry procedures on the DHS Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) website.

    Automatic revalidation is not the same as applying for a new visa. If you apply for a new nonimmigrant visa, you cannot take advantage of automatic revalidation.
    Who Must Reapply for and Be Reissued a Visa at a U.S. Embassy or Consulate?

    This webpage explains which travelers must reapply and be reissued visas when their existing visas have expired, even if they are in possession of valid I-94 forms, in order to gain admission to reenter the U.S.

    Many nonimmigrants will need to reapply and be reissued visas to reenter the U.S. when their existing visas have expired, even if they are in possession of valid I-94 forms, because automatic revalidation applies to limited categories of travelers. Refer to the Automatic Revalidation Fact Sheet on the CBP website. The following temporary visitors whose nonimmigrant visas have expired, but who have valid I-94 forms, must reapply for and be issued nonimmigrant visas prior to their reentry to the U.S., if one or more of the following situations exists (this is not a complete listing):

    The nonimmigrant traveler with an expired nonimmigrant visa (but valid Form I-94):

    Applied for a new visa which has not yet been issued;
    Applied for a new visa and was denied;
    Has been outside of the United States for more than thirty days;
    Has traveled to a country other than Canada, Mexico, or an adjacent island which is not included in the automatic revalidation provisions;
    Is a national of a State Sponsor of Terrorism designated country, including Cuba, Iran, Syria, and Sudan. Review more about State Sponsors of Terrorism and FAQs on this website;
    Is in possession of an F student visa or J exchange visitor visa and has traveled to Cuba;
    Is in possession of an M student visa and has traveled to a location outside the U.S., other than Canada and Mexico.

    Additional Resources – Laws

    The automatic revalidation provision of U.S. immigration law is described in both 8 CFR 214.1(b) and 22 CFR 112(d).
    We Want You to Know

    Visa News
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    Diversity Visa
    Visa Waiver Program (VWP)
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    Business Visa Center
    Customer Service Statement to Visa Applicants
    Fraud Warning

    Visa denial based upon immigrant intent defined in Section 214(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

    Immigrant intent becomes an issue when an applicant outside or inside USA seeks a benefit (such as a visa, when outside USA, or a change of status, when within USA) that does not allow an applicant to possess the intention of residing permanently in USA ("immigrant intent"). For example, an applicant for a visitor's visa must not have the intention to reside in USA permanently. Their visa can be refused if they have immigrant intent.

    NOIR (Notice of Intent to Revoke) is a notice the government issues when it intends to revoke (cancel) approval of a case that it has already approved. This happens when the government notices that the case either should not have been approved initially or, subsequent to the approval, has become revocable. This notice gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why the government should not revoke the approval.

    NOID (Notice of Intent to Deny) is a notice the government issues when it intends to deny a pending case and gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why it should not be denied.

    NOID (Notice of Intent to Deny) is a notice the government issues when it intends to deny a case and gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why it should not be denied.

    NOIR (Notice of Intent to Revoke) is a notice the government issues when it plans to remove approval of a case that it has already approved. This happens when the government notices that the case either should not have been approved initially or, subsequent to the approval, has become revocable. This notice gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why the government should not revoke the approval.

    NOIR (Notice of Intent to Revoke) is a notice the government issues when it plans to remove approval of a case that it has already approved. This happens when the government notices that the case either should not have been approved initially or, subsequent to the approval, has become revocable. This notice gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why the government should not revoke the approval.

    NOID (Notice of Intent to Deny) is a notice the government issues when it intends to deny a case and gives us a last chance to present evidence and arguments why it should not be denied.

    Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. The term often refers to the Designated Degree program requiring a degree in one of these fields of study. STEM programs, in recognition of their importance to US interests, are awarded special consideration in certain areas under US immigration laws.

    A Returning Resident Permit, or SB-1 Visa, is what a Legal Permanent Resident (LPR or Green Card holder) can get to return to the United States after being out of the country for more than one year. When an LPR leaves the United States, they must return within a year. If they stay more than a year, they must obtain a Returning Resident Permit in order to return. This also applies to those who remain outside of the country longer than is allowed by their reentry permit.
    You apply for a returning residence visa through the consulate in your home country. There, you have to explain in quite some detail the genuine reason for your inability to return to USA within one year. It is discretionary upon the consulate whether they are convinced by the genuineness of your response or not.
    For more information, see this State Department’s webpage: http://travel.state.gov/visa/immigrants/info/info_1333.html

    A Returning Resident Permit, or SB-1 Visa, is what a Legal Permanent Resident (LPR or Green Card holder) can get to return to the United States after being out of the country for more than one year. When an LPR leaves the United States, they must return within a year. If they stay more than a year, they must obtain a Returning Resident Permit in order to return. This also applies to those who remain outside of the country longer than is allowed by their reentry permit.
    You apply for a returning residence visa through the consulate in your home country. There, you have to explain in quite some detail the genuine reason for your inability to return to USA within one year. It is discretionary upon the consulate whether they are convinced by the genuineness of your response or not.
    For more information, see this State Department’s webpage: http://travel.state.gov/visa/immigrants/info/info_1333.html

    U.S. Legislature responsible for making laws. Consists of two houses: Senate and the House of Representatives.

    One of the two houses of U.S. Legislature responsible for making laws. The other is the House of Representatives.

    One of the two houses of U.S. Legislature responsible for making laws. The other is the Senate.

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