Frequently Asked Questions - OPT
Optional Practical Training (OPT) is temporary employment that is directly related to an F-1 student’s major area of study. Under the prior rules, an F-1 student could be authorized to receive up to a total of 12 months of practical training either before (pre-) and/or after (post-) completion of studies.
- OPT to H-1B
- O-1B Extension and Authorized Period of Stay
- OPT - H4 - H1
- Status of Off-site Placed STEM OPT Extension Students
- H-1B and Green Card Transfer From a Non-Profit Organization to For-Profit
- STEM OPT Extension for Consulting or Staffing companies
- Green card pending conversion to and from H-4 EAD – H-1; Filing green card while in F-1 status
- Reentry for F-1 Nonimmigrants Traveling Outside the United States
A1. You can consider going back to school or B-1/B-2 status. There is information on our blog on B-1/B-2 to maintain status.
As long as you had filed your extension application before expiration of the current status, you are not illegal as long as the case is pending. You are in
1. Your H-4 application must reach USCIS before expiration of your OPT (although it could be argued that you have an extra 60 days, but I stay away from having to argue).
2. No different than filing a new H-1.
3. You could have a difficult time entering if cutting too close the end, although, legally you are entitled to it as long as you have a job in your field that you have been performing on your OPT.
1. The answer is No. There is no advantage in going through for-profit or non-profit that's just irrelevant.
This section of the FAQ applies to continuing F-1 students who travel outside the United States for five months or less.